Minimum Security has gone through several phases. From 1998-2004, it was a weekly editorial cartoon, commenting on the most egregious outrages of the day. In 2005, I started using regular characters. The cartoon got picked up by United Media’s, where it evolved into a more humorous, gag-a-day comic strip with some sequential stories. In 2011, United Media transferred its syndication business to Universal Uclick, which currently runs Minimum Security on

From Earth Day (April 22) 2010 to late 2012, the comic strips comprise a single, coherent story: “Resistance to Ecocide.” This was published as a graphic novel by Seven Stories Press.

From late 2012 to early 2013, a new series became the illustrations for another of my books, “Capitalism Must Die!” They are a mix of drawings, diagrams and gag cartoons about topics like capitalism, class struggle, organization, and revolution. During the rest of 2013 I drew a series called “Commodity Chains” about the global garment industry. These were informed by my trips to Haiti and Bangladesh, where I met with garment workers and interviewed them about their conditions and struggles.

During 2014, I’ve been addressing the ideological realm with “Daily Affirmations for Revolutionary Proletarian Militants.” Look for a future book and/or calendar.